Tear It Down:

There are three lead­ers. I’m going to describe these three arche­types in a hypo­thet­i­cal large com­pany, but I believe aspects of them exist in all groups of peo­ple work­ing together on a col­lec­tive goal.

On the Phenomenon of Bullshit Jobs:

There is a whole class of salaried pro­fes­sion­als that, should you meet them at par­ties and admit that you do some­thing that might be con­sid­ered inter­est­ing (an anthro­pol­o­gist, for exam­ple), will want to avoid even dis­cussing their line of work entirely. Give them a few drinks, and they will launch into tirades about how point­less and stu­pid their job really is.

The Investigative Mindset:

I real­ized if I made good, informed deci­sions I could solve prob­lems in both nor­mal and edge cases. Instead of a one-time answer, I could build a frame­work to answer any ques­tion. A men­tal­ity. The out­come of find­ing the answer, solv­ing the prob­lem, shar­ing the solution—rewards this mind­set. A loop. Doing it over and over.

Experts Take Notes:

There’s an old rule of thumb that if you have some­thing really impor­tant you need done, ask for help from the busiest per­son you know. Here’s an anal­o­gous rule: if you want to iden­tify the most senior, knowl­edge­able peo­ple in an audi­ence, look for the peo­ple who are tak­ing notes and ask­ing questions.